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Philosophy Glossary

 

rationalism - Babylon English-English

 

practice of accepting reason as the only authority in determining one's opinions or a course of action;philosophic method that views the brain as the source of all knowledge


rationalism - Britannica.com

 

in philosophy, a method of inquiry that regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge and, in contrast to empiricism, tends to discountenance sensory experience. It holds that, because reality itself has an inherently rational structure, there are truths--especially in logic and mathematics but also in ethics and...
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Spinoza- Benedict de - Britannica.com

 

Dutch-Jewish philosopher, the foremost exponent of 17th-century Rationalism.
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Heidegger- Martin - Britannica.com

 

German philosopher, counted among the main exponents of 20th-century Existentialism. He was an original thinker, a critic of technological society, a leading ontologist of his time, and an influence on a younger generation of continental European cultural personalities.
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Kant- Immanuel - Britannica.com

 

German philosopher whose comprehensive and systematic work in the theory of knowledge, ethics, and aesthetics greatly influenced all subsequent philosophy, especially the various schools of Kantianism and Idealism.
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philosophy - Britannica.com

 

(from Greek, by way of Latin, philosophia, "love of wisdom"), the critical examination of the grounds for fundamental beliefs and an analysis of the basic concepts employed in the expression of such beliefs. Philosophical inquiry is a central element in the intellectual history of many historical civilizations.
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philosophy - Babylon English-English

 

study of human thought,study of the nature of the world


ontology - Whatis?com

 

In its general meaning, ontology (pronounced ahn-TAH-luh-djee) is the study or concern about what kinds of things exist - what entities there are in the universe. It derives from the Greek onto (being) and logia (written or spoken discourse). It is a branch of metaphysics (the study of first principles or the essence of things).

In information technology, an ontology is the working model of entities and interactions in some particular domain of knowledge or practices, such as electronic commerce or "the activity of planning." In artificial intelligence (AI), an ontology is, according to Tom Gruber, an AI specialist at Stanford University, "the specification of conceptualizations, used to help programs and humans share knowledge." In this usage, an ontology is a set of concepts - such as things, events, and relations - that are specified in some way (such as specific natural language) in order to create an agreed-upon vocabulary for exchanging information. Selected Links Tom Gruber at Stanford University provides his own AI-related definition in What is an Ontology?

At New Mexico State University, Kavi Mahesh defines ontology in general terms in his Introduction to the Mikrokosmos Ontology, a particular ontology that he provides an illustration of in his Guided Tour.

The Knowledge Sharing Effort public library is a starting place for understanding an effort to create a reusable knowledge base that could used by any group developing a specific artificial intelligence program.

The Generalized Upper Model is (and we quote): "a general task and domain independent `linguistically motivated ontology' that supports sophisticated natural language processing while significantly simplifying the interface between domain-specific knowledge and general linguistic resources." It's related to artificial intelligence.


This term was suggested by Gord Larose.  
Sources: Simon Blackburn. The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, Oxford, (1996).
William Little ed.) The Oxford Universal Dictionary on Historical Principles, Third Edition, Oxford, (1955)
Last update: November 30, 1999


Ontology - Web Dictionary of Cybernetics and Systems

 

A branch of philosophy concerned with what really exists as opposed to what appears to exist but does not. The ontology of a theory is the set of real objects or events which the theory ascribes existence to by referring to them without reference to an observer. An ontology is implied in claiming knowledge of what is. (Krippendorff )


ontology - Britannica.com

 

the theory or study of being as such; i.e., of the basic characteristics of all reality. Though the term was first coined in the 17th century, ontology is synonymous with metaphysics or "first philosophy" as defined by Aristotle in the 4th century BC. Because metaphysics came to include other studies...
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ontology - Babylon English-English

 

research into cultural patterns and ways of life;study of cultural patterns

 

rationalism (Britannica.com) in philosophy, a method of inquiry that regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge and, in contrast to empiricism, tends to discountenance sensory experience. It holds that, because reality itself has an inherently rational structure, there are truths--especially in logic and mathematics but also in ethics and... Learn more at Britannica.com

 

Spinoza- Benedict de (Britannica.com) Dutch-Jewish philosopher, the foremost exponent of 17th-century Rationalism. Learn more at Britannica.com

 

pragmatism (Britannica.com) school of philosophy, dominant in the United States during the first quarter of the 20th century, based on the principle that the usefulness, workability, and practicality of ideas, policies, and proposals are the criteria of their merit. It stresses the priority of action over doctrine, of experience over fixed principles; and it holds that... Learn more at Britannica.com

 

soul (Britannica.com) in religion and philosophy, the immaterial aspect or essence of a human being, that which confers individuality and humanity, often considered to be synonymous with the mind or the self. In theology, the soul is further defined as that part of the individual which partakes of divinity and often is considered to survive the death of the body. Learn more at Britannica.com

soul (Babylon English-English) spirit;living person;emotion;personification;type of music

 

Mysticism: is a religious practice in which people search for truth, knowledge, and unity with God through meditation and prayer.

 

concept (Britannica.com) in the Analytic school of philosophy, the subject matter of philosophy, which philosophers of the Analytic school hold to be concerned with the salient features of the language in which people speak of concepts at issue. Concepts are thus logical, not mental, entities. A typical instance of the use of concept is in The Concept of... Learn more at Britannica.com

concept (Babylon English-English) idea,thought

 

 

  If aren't being done contemplation, will be thought out instead of you

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